Sistemas de Navegacion

  • GLOBAL SYSTEMS
    1. System: GPS =>
      Country: United States
      Coding: CDMA
      Orbital height & period: 20,200 km, 12.0h
      Number of satellites: ≥ 24
      Frequency: 1.57542 GHz (L1 signal), 1.2276 GHz (L2 signal)
      Status: operational
    2. System:GLONASS =>
      Country: Russia
      Coding: FDMA/CDMA
      Orbital height & period: 19,100 km, 11.3h
      Number of satellites: 24 (30 when CDMA signal launches)
      Frequency: Around 1.602 GHz (SP), Around 1.246 GHz (SP)
      Status: operational with restrictions, CDMA in preparation
    3. System: GALILEO =>
      Country: European Union
      Coding: CDMA
      Orbital height & period: 23,222 km, 14.1h
      Number of satellites: 2 test bed satellites in orbit
      22 operational satellites budgeted
      Frequency: 1.164-1.215 GHz (E5a and E5b), 1.215-1.300 GHz (E6), 1.559-1.592 GHz (E2-L1-E11)
      Status: in preparation
    4. System: BEIDOU-2 /COMPASS =>
      Country:China
      Coding: CDMA
      Orbital height & period: 21,150 km, 12.6h
      Number of satellites: 35[5]
      Frequency: B1: 1,561098 GHz, B1-2: 1.589742 GHz, B2: 1.207.14 GHz, B3: 1.26852 GHz
      Status: 5 satellites operational, additional 30 satellites planned
  • LOCAL SYSTEMS
    1. System: QZSS =>
      Country: JAPAN
      Coding: CDMA
      Orbital height & period: HEO 24h
      Number of satellites: 1 test bed satellites in orbit
      3 operational satellites budgeted
      Frequency: L1C/A , L1C , L2C and L5
      Status: in preparation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_navigation_satellite_system

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